Autism is a different from typical way of human development, manifested by differences in the way people communicate, relate to each other, express emotions, learn, and have a diverse pattern of behavior. Each person with autism is an individual, and the previously mentioned traits can occur in varying degrees. Autism affects many areas of functioning and causes people on the spectrum to develop differently.
AUTISM AFFECTS 1 IN 100 PEOPLE IN POLAND.
In the case of autism, one speaks of a spectrum of disorders because there is no single pattern of level of functioning that characterizes people with autism. This means that autism can take a completely different form, ranging from mild symptoms to very severe ones that impede functioning in every sphere of life.
Autism accompanies a person for a lifetime, but with the right care and properly selected therapy, functioning can be significantly improved. The earlier the diagnosis and the individual therapy that goes with it, the greater the chance of improving the quality of life for autistic people and their families.
Typically, autism is diagnosed in the early years of life, while there are times when diagnosis is made only in adults. It uses diagnostic tools and aids adapted to the person's age. Special attention is also paid to the person's daily functioning.
Like children with autism, adults may have difficulties with interpersonal relationships, communicating verbal messages or exhibit an aversion to change. For the quality of their daily lives, the earliest possible diagnosis and therapeutic interventions that allow them to gain skills to live independently, work and function in society are crucial.
The first signs of autism can appear before the age of 3. However, it happens that already in infancy parents notice that their child develops differently. There is no overall pattern of the disorder, but parents should pay close attention to certain behaviors of the child.
The symptoms of autism largely involve the sphere of communication. The child may have trouble making friends and simply talking to others.
The first of the signals that a parent should pay attention to is the lack of babbling. In addition to the lack of speech onset, it can also be poor facial expressions and infrequent displays of emotion.
Parents of children who are later diagnosed with autism often mention that even in infancy there were times when the child would wander with his eyes and appear absent-minded.
Symptoms of autism spectrum disorder may be evident when parents and peers attempt to engage the child in play or other shared activities. This may include the child's lack of response to a toy given or an object shown. Repeated failure to keep the child interested should prompt parents to investigate what the child's lack of enthusiasm is due to.
Pay particular attention to the child's reaction after attempting to make contact with a smile or saying his name. Repeated lack of response to these messages, can be considered alarming.
Autism is an ocean of possibilities. The symptoms mentioned are only indications - they can appear in children with autism in different configurations and severity. If you notice any of these in your child, ask for a referral to a facility that offers diagnosis or use private clinics.
The M-CHAT- R/F screening test is used to assess the risk of autism spectrum disorders. The tools can be used both by a specialist in the diagnosis process and as part of follow-up visits to a family doctor, as well as at home by a parent. A diagnosis of autism can only be made by a specialist.
Let's remember that autism affects all of life. That's why acceptance and understanding is so important. Because together we can create a better world for autistic people!